The purpose of this article is to present a commemorative poster printed in honour of Cardinal Jerzy Radziwiłł on the occasion of his return from a visitation. The poster itself disappeared during World War II, having been previously accessioned to the National Library as an item in the Horyniec Library of the Dukes Poniński. Luckily the text of the panegyric has survived, thanks to a photograph taken for the Katalog Biblioteki Horynieckiej xx. Ponińskich (Catalogue of the Horyniec Library of the Dukes Poniński), published by Kazimierz Piekarski with Alodia Kawecka-Gryczowa in 1936. The most interesting element of these materials is the critical edition, provided with an introduction and a translation of the elaborate and emblematic compositions that fill up the commemorative poster. The introduction recalls other panegyrics in praise of Jerzy Radziwiłł and looks at the evolution of Polish commemorative early printed materials in which words and images combine. The lost poster presented here was one of the very oldest printed materials of this type in Poland.
This article is a synthesis of information obtained from two surviving large parts of the book collection of the former library at the Kripplein Christi Lutheran Church in Wschowa (Fraustadt), which have been in the holdings of the National Library of Poland since dulu. This library existed formally from 1641 to 1945. In 1881 the Staatsarchiv Posen (now the National Archive Library in Poznań) took 724 volumes in deposit. After World War II the two separated parts of the collection both came to be deposited at the National Library in Warsaw. The data contained in this article puts in order all the accumulated knowledge about this library. There is a discussion of the attempts made at organising and inventorying the collection, and an analysis of the 1656 manuscript catalogue of the Wschowa library (also preserved at the National Library), which is the basis for reconstruction of the founder’s library. The information provided will make it easier to navigate the dispersed collection and enable identification of books from the particular legacies.
This article looks at the influence of mannerist ornament on bookbinding decoration in Poland from the 1540s to the 1620s. The initial form of these ornaments was that of a supralibros in the shape of a sumptuous coat-of-arms. The 1570s saw the growth in popularity of cover decorations comprising characteristic compositions that were a western European reworking of oriental (Persian and Ottoman) designs. This was based on the pattern of a central, gilded medallion set within quarter-medallions at the corners, along with some smaller motifs and ornaments. Moresque and moresque strapwork medallions proved to be the most popular. At least from the 1580s these were joined by scrollwork medallions with grotesques or mascarons in combination with moresque interlaced band tooling. During the last twenty years of the 16th century, corner medallions with angel heads surrounded by oriental-style tooling found great favour. At the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries these forms were further enriched with scrollwork, which was, in time, superseded by early baroque auricular or cartilage tooling. The process of how these kinds of ornamentation spread has been studied using examples of work from different centres in Poland, Lithuania and Royal Prussia, which enabled identification of both small-scale phenomena and wider trends.
The centralised chain of libraries that had existed in the Polish Armed Forces since 15 November 1919 had become far from ideal. This article discusses the reasons for changes in organisational structure of the army libraries and the various stages in the process of the library reorganisation, which was conducted according to the army libraries management plan ordered by the Ministry for the Armed Forces on 9 December 1936. All the different kinds of libraries within the Polish Armed Forces were subject to this reorganisation. The outbreak of World War II made it impossible for the reorganised libraries to continue functioning, or for any assessment to be made of how the changes to the system worked in practice.
This article looks at Nowiny (News), a wall newspaper aimed at civilian, mostly village-dwelling readers, which is practically unknown to historians of the Polish press during the Second Republic or researchers of pre-war propaganda. Research into the reading habits of peasant farmers during the twentyyear inter-war period, based on diaries they had kept, led to the discovery of this weekly newspaper. A preliminary survey covered all the years the paper came out (1933-1939) and allowed for a characterisation of its content, which was linked to propaganda issued by the Polish authorities. The institution responsible, which published both the Nowiny aimed at the mass reader and also a Nowiny for rank-and-file soldiers undergoing military service, was identified thanks to another, separate piece of research. It was the Army Research and Publication Institute (from 1934 called the Army Research and Education Institute). The importance of the Nowiny village wall newspaper would appear to lie in its wide distribution (which it owed to its low subscription price
and free access to copies pinned to local authority and school notice boards) and the way the authorities made use of villagers’ reading habits (reading the news together and discussing what they had just read) for the aims of their own propaganda.
This article examines those elements of the life and work of Brazilian poet Paulo Leminski connected with Poland, the country of origin of his paternal grandparents. The author interprets data looking for an answer to the question of whether Leminski’s Polish ancestry was an important component of his identity. Creating the context for a hypothesis to this effect are the observations of Tadeusz Paleczny regarding the stages of development of Brazilian ethnic identity in general, and the identity of descendants of Polish immigrants to Brazil in particular. The result of this research should be understood as only one possible interpretation of the collected data. Nevertheless, this paper is an occasion to specify the context that should be taken into consideration when classifying as Polonica the work of certain Brazilian writers, in accordance with the National Library of Poland criteria for Polonica. It was the search for such materials in Brazil, and the difficulties in applying the ‘ethnic’ criteria, that prompted this author’s interest in Paulo Leminski.
The aim of this article is to introduce and systematise the subject of publications concerning Poland, brought out in Japan in 2007-2015. It takes into account both Japanese academic research and translations of academic studies, but also literature in translation, including children’s books. Among the Polonica appearing in Japan during the period in question, it is possible to identify several subject groups. Most numerous are historical publications, in particular those dealing with the Holocaust or modern history. Another important subject is that of relations between the two countries. Books from other academic disciplines, such as sociology, linguistics, fine art or musicology (Chopin) make up a smaller percentage of all publications. It is worth noting the growing number of translations of Polish literature, including contemporary writers and children’s authors.
This article is the outline of a research project. The author looks at the definition of ‘intellectual culture’ in the context of the history of ideas and scholarship, and of the history of books. She makes reference to intellectual history as practiced by Anglo-American, French, German and also Polish scholars (F. Znaniecki, J. Kubin). She goes on to discuss how the concept of scholarly publication was understood by late Enlightenment figures and the current state of research into scholarly publications of the Enlightenment (A. Żbikowska-Migoń, I. Jarosz-Rapacka or B. Mazurkowa). She looks at the question of publication typology assumed by Polish authors (A. Żbikowska-Migoń, K. Migoń, L. Marszałek), indicating that there has been insufficient study of the first half of the 19th century, the time of emergence of the intelligentsia and of the methods used by contemporary scholars. The key issue will be to identify from the sources a set of directives regarding a postulated model for various types of scholarly publications, from the end of the Enlightenment until the 1860s. The lack of a clear boundary between scholarship and literature in the first half of the 19th century (W. Lepenies, B. Latour) and the influence of myth (J. Jeszke) on historiography are also questions that will be taken into consideration in this project.
In the second half of the 1940s Adam Łysakowski created a bibliological classification system for the purposes of the publication Bibliografia Bibliografii Polskich i Nauki o Książce (Bibliography of Polish Bibliography and Book Studies). It was coherent with the subject catalogue adopted by the National Book Institute in Łodź, headed by Łysakowski until 1949, when the Institute was disbanded and its role passed to the Bibliography Institute at the National Library of Poland, where work on the bibliography continued. From 1968 onwards the publication has been in two parts: Bibliografia Bibliografii (The Bibliography of Bibliography) and Bibliografia Nauki o Książce (Bibliography of Book Studies). In 1981 these began appearing as two independent publications and the title of the latter was changed to Polska Bibliografia Bibliologiczna (Polish Bibliological Bibliography). In terms of bibliological classification, extensive modifications had been carried out by the end of the 1960s, including the addition of a section titled Informacja naukowa (Scientific Information). At the beginning of 2016, during work on the 2011 edition of the Polish Bibliological Bibliography, it became apparent that the classification in use at this time had become inadequate to the task. The best example of this was how the Scientific Information section had become redefined and now listed publications having nothing to do with bibliology. As a result, work began on creating a new classification system for the Polish Bibliological Bibliography. This article details the course of that work and its final results. Apart from discussing bibliology, it also offers some general reflections on the role of bibliography in the digital era.